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A. Division of Town into Districts; Enumeration

In order to classify, regulate, restrict and separate the use of land, building and structures; and to regulate and to limit the type, height and bulk of buildings and structures; and to regulate the areas of yards and other open areas around and between building and structures; and to regulate the density of dwelling units, the Town is hereby divided into the following districts:

1. Single-Family Residential Districts

R1-300    Single-Family Residential District - 300,000 sq. ft. per lot

R1-144    Single-Family Residential District - 144,000 sq. ft. per lot

R1-72    Single-Family Residential District - 72,000 sq. ft. per lot

R1-43    Single-Family Residential District - 43,560 sq. ft. per lot

R1-36    Single-Family Residential District - 36,000 sq. ft. per lot

R1-20    Single-Family Residential District - 20,000 sq. ft. per lot

R1-10    Single-Family Residential District - 10,000 sq. ft. per lot

R1-7    Single-Family Residential District - 7,000 sq. ft. per lot

2. Multi-Family Residential Districts

R-4    Townhouse Residential District

R-4R    Resort District

R-S    Residential Service District

R-6    Multi-Family Residential District

3. Commercial and Other Districts

C-N     Neighborhood Commercial District

C-1    Commercial District

C-2    Commercial District

PS    Private Schools District

T-P    Technological Park

P-1    Parking District

POS    Parks and Open Space

4. Planned Area Districts

PRD    Planned Residential District

PAD     Planned Area Development

5. Supplementary Districts

HDZ    Hillside Development Zone

ORSCOD    Oracle Road Scenic Corridor Overlay District

((O)16-16 , 2016; (O)07-33, 2007.)

B. Purpose of Districts

1. R1-300 Single-Family Residential District

This district is intended to promote and preserve rural, single-family residential development. The district permits airparks and other uses that are compatible with the large single-family lots predominated by open space.

2. R1-144 Single-Family Residential District

This district is intended to promote and preserve suburban-rural single-family residential development. The large lot size permits agricultural uses and promotes open space.

3. R1-72 Single-Family Residential District

This district is intended to promote and preserve suburban-rural single-family residential development, with lots large enough to accommodate on-site sewer systems.

4. R1-43 Single-Family Residential District

This district provides for low-density residential development with lots large enough to accommodate on-site sewer systems.

5. R1-36 Single-Family Residential District

This district provides for low-density residential development.

6. R1-20 Single-Family Residential District

This district provides for low-density detached single-family residential development.

7. R1-10 Single-Family Residential District

This district provides for medium density detached single-family residential development.

8. R1-7 Single-Family Residential District

This district provides for medium high-density detached single-family residential development.

9. SDH-6 Site Delivered Housing District

The purpose of this zone is to provide for properly planned and orderly developed manufactured or site delivered housing subdivisions. The principal land use is single-family dwellings and uses incidental or accessory thereto.

10. R-4 Townhouse Residential District

This district is intended to provide for relatively low-density development having individual ownership and built-in privacy, either in the form of party wall construction or enclosed courtyards.

11. R-4R Resort District

The Resort District is intended primarily to provide for accommodations for seasonal visitors. The controlled access, deep setbacks, and landscaping requirements are intended to enhance the value, safety, and aesthetic quality of both the highway frontage and the adjacent property.

12. R-S Residential Service District

This district is composed of certain land and structures used primarily to provide administrative, clerical and professional offices of a residential scale and character to serve nearby residential and commercial areas as well as the Town as a whole. These uses are characterized by low volume of direct daily customer contact. Secondarily, this district provides for medium density residential uses. This district is designed to be a transitional zone and should be used to buffer low density residential uses from more intense land uses, districts and heavily traveled transportation routes. The property development standards, while strict in order to protect adjacent low density residential uses, are designed to be flexible enough to allow experimentation in office and housing design and to allow housing constructed within this district to incorporate its own protection from more intense adjacent uses.

13. R-6 Multi-Family Residential District

This district is intended to support multi-family residential development, to accommodate an increased density of population and to provide recreational and aesthetic amenities, which enhance the residential character of a multi-family project and produce a high quality environment.

This district also furnishes employment opportunities, by providing for business and professional office complexes on a residential scale, with low silhouettes, a variety of separate building masses and landscaped open space, to be compatible with surrounding residential uses.

14. C-N Neighborhood Commercial District

This district provides small office and service centers within walking/biking distance or a short drive from adjacent neighborhoods. The center shall be designed to fit into the adjacent neighborhoods, serve as a neighborhood activity center, and provide a combination of uses that offer basic goods and services that meet the needs of the nearby residents. A mixture of office, retail, and residential is enabled in the C-N zone and is anticipated to provide a physically and functionally integrated combination of uses.

Sites should be designed to accommodate multiple, smaller uses rather than a single, large use. C-N zoning may be found along multi-use paths, near parks, immediately between or among higher density residential developments and municipal service sites. It is most appropriate at the intersection of collector streets or a collector street and an arterial road.

15. C-1 Commercial District

This district provides for large scale office complexes and medium sized retail centers, located on a major arterial. Through buffering and other mitigation measures, C-1 centers must be compatible with adjoining residential neighborhoods, while satisfying commercial and service business needs of nearby neighborhoods.

16. C-2 Commercial District

This district provides for commercial activities designed to serve a regional area with emphasis on shopping centers and group commercial developments. Uses must incorporate extensive mitigation measures to harmoniously co-exist with nearby neighborhoods. C-2 uses are substantial traffic generators and should be located near the intersection of two principal arterials.

17. PS Private Schools District

This district provides for religious facilities and private educational facilities.

18. T-P Technological Park District

This district is intended to provide high quality employment opportunities, such as research and development, biotechnology, and other similar industries. Uses include a mix of light industrial, professional office, warehouse, assembly and distribution, ancillary retail services and related uses. These uses generally occur in a business park-type environment with clustered buildings and inward focused activity intended to be compatible to adjacent residential areas.

19. Parks and Open Space District

This district is primarily for those areas of the Town where it is desirable and necessary to provide permanent park, public open space, and in general, areas to be preserved in their present or managed state.

((O)20-06 , 2020; (O)11-02 , 2011; (O)07-33, 2007.)

C. Boundaries of Districts – Rules Where Uncertainty May Arise

Where uncertainty exists with respect to the boundaries of the various districts as shown on the District Map accompanying and made a part of this ordinance, the following rules apply:

1. The district boundaries are either street lines or alley lines unless otherwise shown, and where the districts designated on the map accompanying and made a part of this ordinance are bounded approximately by street or alley lines, the street lines or alley lines shall be construed to be the boundary of the district.

2. Where the district boundaries are not otherwise indicated and where the property has been, or may hereafter be, divided into blocks and lots, the district boundaries shall be construed to be the lot lines, and where the districts designated on the map accompanying and made a part of this ordinance are bounded approximately by lot lines, the lot lines shall be construed to be the boundary of the districts unless the boundaries are otherwise indicated on the map.

3. In unsubdivided property, the district boundary lines on the map accompanying and made a part of this ordinance shall be determined by use of the scale appearing on the map.