For the purpose of this code, certain terms and words are hereby defined. Words used in the present tense shall include the future; the singular number shall include the plural and the plural shall include the singular; the word “building” shall include the word “structure,” the word “lot” shall include the word “plot”; the word “may” is permissive and the word “shall” is mandatory, further, the word “or” shall mean “either” and the word “and” shall mean “in conjunction with.” “Zone” shall mean “district.”
A sign which advertises, identifies or gives notice of a business which is no longer in operation or an activity which has already occurred.
The condition of two (2) adjoining properties having a common property line or boundary including cases where two (2) or more lots adjoining only a corner or corners, but not including cases where adjoining lots are separated by a street or alley.
Access or Access Way
A road within one (1) mile of the grading site, designated on the approved grading plan, and used during grading, for the transport of grading equipment, hauling of fill and other equivalent traffic to and from the grading site.
A land area measuring forty-three thousand five hundred sixty (43,560) square feet.
The condition of being near to or close to, but not necessarily having a common dividing line (e.g., two (2) properties that are separated only by a street or alley shall be considered as adjacent to one another).
Adjusted Gross Acreage
An abbreviation for the Airport Environs Zone as established by the Compatible Use Zone Map.
A structure designed and constructed to only house farm implements, hay, grain, poultry, live-stock, or other horticultural products. This structure shall not be a place of human habitation or a place of employment where agricultural products are processed, treated, or packaged; nor shall it be a place used by the public.
An airborne vehicle capable of carrying at least one (1) person and shall include, but not be limited to, airplanes, helicopters, rotorcraft, gliders, hang-gliders, motorized or non-motorized balloons, dirigibles, and blimps.
An area which is used, or is intended to be used, primarily for the takeoff and landing of aircraft and any appurtenant areas which are used, or intended to be used, for airport buildings or facilities, including open spaces, taxiways and tie-down areas, hangars and other accessory buildings.
Amateur Radio Operator
A Federally licensed member of the amateur radio service, which is a voluntary, noncommercial communication service, particularly with respect to providing emergency communications.
A change in the wording, context, or substance of this code, an addition or deletion or a change in the district boundaries or classification upon the district map which imposes any regulation not heretofore imposed or removed or modifies any such regulations heretofore imposed.
A service providing for the care and well-being of animals or pets, which may include veterinary services (including ancillary short-term boarding and lodging), pet grooming, and the sale of pets and pet-related products.
The movement or the optical illusion of movement of a design, or pictorial segment, including the movement of any illumination or the flashing or varying of light intensity. The automatic changing of all or part of the facing of the sign. The movement of a sign set in motion by the atmosphere.
A system of poles, panels, rods, reflecting discs or similar devices used for the transmission or reception of radio frequency signals. Any device, including DBS satellite dishes, used to receive signals from direct broadcast satellites (DBS); multi-channel multi-point distribution providers (MMDS); and television broadcast stations (TVBS).
An antenna with its supports placed directly on the ground.
Written notice by the Town accepting the design, progress or completion of work.
The most current plan which bears the authorized signature of review and acceptance by the Town.
Approved Testing Agency
A testing lab equipped to perform and certify the tests required by this code and whose testing operations are controlled and monitored by a civil engineer.
Lighting designed primarily to illuminate an area of a development and may coincidentally illuminate one (1) or more sign faces.
An establishment for the display and/or sale of fine art, crafts, photography, or other art-related work.
Arts and Culture Use
A use providing display or collection of historical, artistic, literary, and/or scientific, or other similar objects for public appreciation, including museums or art galleries. Cultural uses may include an ancillary restaurant or gift shop.
Monies or third party agreement with an agency authorized to do business in the State of Arizona guaranteeing the performance on the installation of all required improvements.
Average Cross Slope
A sign which is placed on, or integrated into, fabric or other material canopies, which is mounted on the exterior wall of a building. Sign copy affixed to an awning may only display the name of the business and/or address.
An airtight bag made of thin rubber or other lightweight material inflated with air or lighter-than-air gas that is anchored to the ground, a building or structure with ropes, a post, wires and/or string to attract attention of the public.
See “Financial Services.”
An establishment possessing a series 6 or series 7 liquor license and primarily serving alcoholic beverages to the public for consumption on the premises.
The portion of a building underground and having at least one-half (1/2) of its height measured from its floor to its ceiling below grade. A basement shall be counted as a story if the vertical distance from grade to its ceiling is more than two (2) feet.
Bicycle Parking Facility
A structure that provides temporary placement for bicycles.
A facility designed for temporary storage of an entire bicycle and its components and accessories and to provide protection against inclement weather, the extreme heat of the desert climate, and theft. The facility may include bicycle lockers, check-in facilities, monitored parking, restricted access parking, or other means which provide the above level of security as approved by the Planning and Zoning Administrator.
The facility provides a stationary object enabling the operator to lock the bicycle frame and both wheels with a user-provided U-shaped lock or a cable and lock.
Bicycle Parking Space
An area designated within a facility for the use of an individual bicycle.
Boardinghouse or Lodging House
The selective removal of vegetation.
A structure for the shelter, housing, or enclosure of persons, animals, chattels, or property of any kind with the exception of doghouses, play houses and similar structures. Each portion of a building separated by dividing wall or walls without openings may be deemed as a separate building for the purpose of issuing building permits.
The vertical distance of a structure.
Slopes Less Than Six Percent (6%)
Slopes Greater Than Six Percent (6%)
Building Height Contour Line
A portion of a building which has a single finish floor elevation.
The lineal distance of the building space occupied by the particular business projected to a straight line parallel to the face of the building in which the main entrance into that particular business is located.
A three (3) dimensional structure which includes a frame, borders and sign panel face and may include internal illumination upon which the sign logos are placed or etched, and is architecturally integrated with the building.
See “Vehicle Wash.”
An accessory building or portion of a main building with one (1) side totally open and one (1) or more partially open sides designated or used for the parking of motor vehicles. Enclosed storage facilities may be provided as part of a carport.
A parcel of land or structure dedicated to, and at least a portion of which is being used for, the interment of human or animal remains. A cemetery may include crematories, mausoleums, and columbaria.
Change of Copy
A replacement face(s) or material to an existing sign without changing any structural members, sizes, and/or heights.
The substantial removal of vegetation by manual or mechanical means.
The warmth or coolness of white light source along the black body curve. The higher the color temperature (kelvin (k)) the cooler appearing (brighter) the white light appears.
An establishment used for the creation, development and/or broadcast of radio or television programs or products, not including towers or communication facilities.
Conditional Use Permit
See “Use Permit.”
An estate in real property consisting of an undivided interest in common in a portion of said real property together with the right of exclusive occupancy of a unit located thereon.
An easement delineating an area that will be kept in its natural state.
A construction sign may only contain the names of the architects, engineers, contractors, or similar artisans, as well as the owners, financial supporters and similar individuals or firms associated with the project.
A convenience use store less than seven thousand five hundred (7,500) square feet where food and drink, which may include packaged alcoholic beverages, are sold primarily for consumption off premises.
1. Gas stations
4. Vehicle (car) washes
A fence-type structure consisting of vertical posts and horizontal members and so constructed that seventy-five percent (75%) or more of the vertical surface is open. Chain link or other similar types of wire fences are not intended to be included in this definition and shall be classified as a fence or wall.
Custom Home Subdivision
Vertical removal of earthen material.
Dangerous Activity, Hazard or Obstruction
A public or private establishment providing care and supervision for five (5) or more children not related to the proprietor.
Is a conveyance of fee simple or property rights to Oro Valley or another public agency.
Density-Based Land Uses
Those land uses of a residential nature.
A black or brown shiny crust on rocks, which consists mainly of iron and manganese oxides.
An individual, firm, corporation, partnership, association, syndication, trust or other legal entity, or representative thereof, that files the application and initiates proceedings for the development of land in accordance with the provisions of Sections 22.5 and 22.9 and the developer need not be the owner of the property.
A site having common vehicular access points, which is subject to a development plan.
A permanent on-site sign that is placed solely to define location and streamline the flow of vehicular and/or pedestrian traffic so as to minimize congestion and promote safety. A directional sign may only display written or graphic directions for traffic, name of the business and/or logo, and address and/or suite number.
An on-site sign interior to a development that lists only names and locations of the businesses or activities within a building or multi-tenant complex. A directory sign shall help to direct vehicular and/or pedestrian traffic.
A physical or mental impairment which substantially limits one (1) or more of a person’s major life activities, impairs their ability to live independently or a record of having such an impairment, or being regarded as having such an impairment, but such term does not include current use of, nor addiction to, a controlled substance.
An area for the purpose of displaying miscellaneous items such as posters, menus, promotional items or the like which pertain to the business itself, in a defined location and may include illumination. Window displays such as mannequins, three (3) dimensional figures, clothing and the like, which do not contain advertisement, shall not be considered a window type sign as described below.
A designed invert that collects site drainage and directs it to a point of discharge.
A use which has a drive-through lane as a functional component of the business.
A building, or portion thereof, designed exclusively for residential purposes.
Electronic Message Board
An unforeseen event requiring prompt action.
Plans, profiles, cross sections, and other required details for the construction of public improvements prepared by a registered engineer in accordance with the approved preliminary plat and in compliance with standards of design and construction approved by the Town Council.
Entertainment at Bars, Restaurants or Private Clubs
An activity intended for entertainment, including live musicians, disc jockeys, musical or artistic performances, etc.
The sum of the areas of the permit holder’s land to be graded, including the building envelope, accessory buildings, and areas of related parking, driveways, swimming pools, walls and other accessory structures, but excluding individual sewage disposal systems.
Environmentally Sensitive Lands
Lands that contribute to the aesthetic character of the immediate area, such as unique or heavy plant, tree or cacti growth or species, including, but not limited to, those lands restricted by additional overlay districts.
Equipment Building or Structure
The wearing away of the ground surface as a result of the movement of wind, water or ice.
A condition placed on land development requiring dedication of infrastructure and/or real property that is necessary to serve a proposed development and is imposed on a parcel of land for the purpose of mitigating the anticipated negative impacts and infrastructure needs created by the development.
The mechanical, manual, blasting, or other such means for removal of earth material.
The result of causing something to be open to view.
A person living alone, up to but no more than ten (10) persons unrelated to each other by blood, marriage or legal adoption, living together in a dwelling unit existing solely as a single housekeeping unit, with common access to all living, eating, kitchen and storage areas within the dwelling unit.
An area used for the production of farm products.
The vertical addition of earthen material.
A woven or non-woven water-permeable material generally made of synthetic products, such as polypropylene, used in stormwater management and erosion and sediment control applications to trap sediment or prevent the clogging of aggregates by fine soil particles.
Final Plat Approval
An establishment providing management or exchange of money, assets or other fiduciary services, including banks, credit unions, savings and loans, mortgage and/or title companies.
A place or building where exercises and related activities are performed for the purpose of weight control and/or physical fitness.
The relatively flat areas or low lands adjoining the channel of a watercourse, or areas where drainage is or may be restricted by manmade structures which have been or may be covered partially or wholly by floodwater.
Floor Area Ratio
A use engaged in the production of food products.
A structure which is not attached to any other structure or portion of a structure. Structures, which are linked by pedestrian walkways, are deemed to be freestanding. Freestanding shall also apply to sole uses on an individual parcel.
All property on one (1) side of a street between two (2) intersecting streets (crossing or terminating) measured along the line of the street, or, if the street is a dead end, then all of the property abutting on one (1) side between an intersecting street and the dead end of the street, including property fronting on a cul-de-sac.
Full Cutoff (FCO) Light Fixture
A light fixture which is installed or designed to emit no direct uplight above the horizontal.
An establishment engaged in the preparation and/or burial of the dead, including funeral chapels, crematoriums, and mortuaries.
See “Vehicle Storage Facility.”
Garage/Yard/Estate Sale Sign
A facility other than a miniature golf course for the playing of golf at which there may be a clubhouse including restrooms and locker rooms. A golf course may provide additional services customarily furnished, such as swimming, outdoor recreation and related retail sales that may include a restaurant and cocktail lounge if approved as a part of the required use permit.
Golf Safety Net
A structure made of netting material supported by vertical poles, which is erected for the purposes of protecting life and property from errant golf balls.
A use engaged in providing services to the general public and recognized as a political subdivision of the State, including City or Town agencies, emergency services, fire services, school districts, etc.
A sign installed or required by a public agency such as traffic, public transit, public information, or similar government entity.
The elevation of the ground surface, paving, or sidewalk.
The actual, current ground surface before the issuance of a grading permit.
Grading Permit Conditions
Grand Opening Sign
An establishment primarily engaged in the sale of food products including packaged goods, produce and meat products, which may include on-site food preparation such as bakeries, delis and other related services.
Gross Floor Area
Is the sum of the gross areas of the several floors of a building or buildings, measured from the exterior faces of exterior walls or from the centerlines of walls separating two (2) buildings. Gross floor area shall not include:
a. Underground parking space
b. Uncovered steps
c. Exterior balconies
Gross Land Area
The area of a parcel of land excluding all streets and alleyways in existence at the time the development plan is submitted. Those portions of such parcels which subsequently may be designated as streets or alleyways, whether dedicated or not, shall be included in the determination of gross land area.
The removal of trees and other large plants including their roots.
A ranch that provides lodging and activities to guests.
The place or type of site where a plant or animal naturally or normally grows and lives.
Illumination produced by recessing a light source inside a hollow sign character with an open back or within the mounting surface. An outline glow around the characters is created by this light reflecting off the background to which the characters are attached.
An area that is used or intended to be used for the landing and takeoff of helicopters and may include any or all of the areas of buildings which are appropriate to accomplish these functions.
A building that exceeds thirty (30) feet in height as defined herein.
Hillside Development Zone
An area providing additional regulations for hillside development.
Hillside Development Zone Subdivision
Home Occupation Sign
An establishment that offers temporary lodging in rooms, for less than one (1) month (thirty (30) days), that has interior common corridor access to rooms, may include a restaurant and accessory uses and services, including, without limitation, newsstands, gift shops, and similar incidental uses conducted entirely within the principal building.
An establishment providing repair or maintenance of residential goods or properties including appliance repair shop, pest prevention services, etc.
Human remains, including human skeletal remains, cremations, and/or ceremonial objects and funerary objects.
Any portable commercial advertisement that is held or worn by a person or persons to draw attention to or direct the public to a business or event.
A report designed to show the effects of surface water on a specific area.
A use which creates difficulty for pilots to distinguish between navigational lights or markers and other lights.
A sign whose surface is lit internally or externally or has the potential or ability to be illuminated either by battery or electricity shall be considered an illuminated sign whether the sign is lit or unlit.
A street, sewer, electric, gas and water utilities, drainage and flood control facilities or any other improvement or structure including all necessary engineering, construction, and inspection costs for the same for which the Town of Oro Valley may ultimately assume responsibility for maintenance and operation.
A source of external illumination located a distance away from the sign, but which is itself not visible from any normal position.
An object, device or structure capable of or designed to be inflated with air or lighter-than-air gas that is used for the purpose of attracting attention or to make something known to the public.
A source of illumination entirely within the sign wherein the source of the illumination is not visible.
Canals, laterals, ditches, conduits, gates, pumps, and allied equipment necessary for the supply, delivery, and drainage of irrigation water and the construction, operation and maintenance thereof.
An underground watering system, which consists of heads, valves, pipes, etc., used for the sole purpose of sustaining and promoting plant life.
Land Division, Minor
A division of improved or unimproved land for the purpose of financing sale or lease, whether immediate or future, into one (1) or more lots, not including any division of land defined as “subdivision.”
A combination of trees, shrubs, flowers, or other horticultural elements, decorative stonework, paving, screening or other architectural elements designed to enhance the visual amenity of a property and/or to provide a screen to mitigate any objectionable aspects that may detrimentally affect adjacent land.
The portion of the measurable light distribution that extends beyond the property line.
A period of time exceeding seven (7) days.
A parcel of land created by a legal subdivision bounded on all sides by property lines of sufficient size to meet minimum zoning requirements for use, coverage, area, setbacks, and other areas as required by this code, with legal access to a public street.
See “Net Lot Area.”
Lot, Depth of
The horizontal distance between the front and rear lot lines.
The lines which form the boundary of a lot.
The line that is opposite and most distant from the front lot line.
Lot of Record
A lot that is a part of a subdivision, the plat of which has been recorded in the office of the Pima County Recorder; or parcel of land, the deed of which is recorded in the office of the County Recorder.
The width of the lot determined as follows:
1. If the side property lines are parallel, the shortest distance between these side lines;
2. If the side property lines are not parallel, the width of the lot shall be the length of a line at right angles to the axis of the lot at a distance equal to the required front or rear building setback line, whichever is the lesser. The axis of a lot shall be a line generally perpendicular to the fronting street, which divides the lot into two (2) equal parts.
A unit of light output from a source; used to measure the amount of light emitted by lamps.
The complete lighting assembly, not including the support assembly.
The replacing or repairing of a part of a sign made unusable, unsafe or unattractive by ordinary wear, tear or damage beyond the control of the owner or the repainting of an existing sign without changing the wording, location, composition or color of said sign.
A structure, transportable in one (1) or more sections, which, in the traveling mode, is eight (8) feet or more wide or forty (40) feet or more in length, or when erected on site, is three hundred twenty (320) or more square feet, and which is built on a permanent foundation and contains plumbing, heating, air cooling, and electrical systems.
Healthy, full-bodied trees with a shape characteristic of the species and of the following minimum sizes:
Ten (10) to twelve (12) foot height by six (6) to eight (8) inch wide; or two (2) inch single trunk caliper; or one (1) inch average trunk caliper for multiple trunk trees; or eight (8) foot trunk height for palms.
All devices, appliances, and apparatus involved in the maintenance of environmental conditions within a building or recreational structure, such as a swimming pool or spa. Mechanical equipment shall include HVAC units, air conditioners, pool heaters, pool filters, and pool circulation pumps, amongst others.
Mezzanine or Mezzanine Floor
An intermediate floor placed in any room.
Model Home Flags
Model Home Off-Site Signs
Minor Land Division
A division of improved or unimproved land for the purpose of financing sale or lease, whether immediate or future, into one (1) or more lots. A minor land division shall not include any division of land defined as a “subdivision.”
A structure, transportable in one (1) or more sections, which, in the traveling mode, is eight (8) feet or more in width or forty (40) feet or more in length, or when erected on site is three hundred twenty (320) or more square feet and which is built on a permanent chassis and designed to be used as a dwelling.
Mobile Home Park
Mobile Home Space
Model Home Banners
A word describing uses and activities other than the business name.
The observation after commencement of a disturbance to determine if archaeological resources exist in an area or, when such resources are known to exist, the observation, recording, and incidental recovery of site features and materials to preserve a record of the affected portion of the site. Monitoring is applicable in locations where sites or features may occur but are generally not expected to be of such importance, size or complexity as to require lengthy work or project delays for archaeological investigations.
A facility used exclusively for wireless communication facility mounts and is self-supporting with a single shaft of steel, concrete or wood. This does not include flagpoles.
A building or group of buildings containing guest rooms or dwelling units, some or all of which have a separate entrance leading directly from the outside of the building, with the garage or parking space located on the lot and designed, used or intended wholly, or in part, for the accommodation of automobile transients. Motel includes motor court, motor lodge and tourist court, but not a mobile home park.
Moving or Animated Signs
Multiple Tenant Commercial Building
A structure that houses or is intended to house a variety of separate commercial activities.
An illuminated commercial display made up of glass tubes, shaped to form letters and designs.
Net Floor Area
Net Lighting Acre
An acre of the remaining ground area after deleting all portions for proposed and existing public and private street rights-of-way within a development, parcel, or subdivision. If there are any E1 lighting zones on the property, then they shall also be excluded from the calculations of net lighting acre.
Net Lot Area
New Business Banner
A banner may be utilized for the purpose of a new business opening or change of ownership to promote a new business.
A unit of visible-light intensity, commonly used to specify the brightness of an LED, cathode ray tube or liquid crystal display computer display. One (1) nit is equivalent to one (1) candela per square meter.
Any sign which does not conform to the provisions of this code but which, when first constructed, was legally allowed by the Town of Oro Valley or political subdivision then having control over signs.
A building or land, lawfully occupied by a use at the time of passage of this code or code amendment, that does not conform after passage of this code or code amendment with the use regulations of the district in which it is located.
Non-Density-Based Land Uses
Those land uses of a nonresidential nature.
A sign that does not have the ability to be electrified or powered in any way. The components that enable the sign to be lit must be permanently disabled in order to be considered a nonilluminated sign.
Non-Ionizing Electromagnetic Radiation (NIER)
Is electromagnetic radiation primarily in the visible, infrared, and radio frequency portions of the electromagnetic spectrum.
The purpose for which a building, or part thereof, is used or intended to be used.
A building or part thereof, designed, intended or used for the practice of a profession, including medical, the carrying on of a business, the conduct of public administration, or, where not conducted on the site thereof, the administration of an industry, but shall not include a retail commercial use, any industrial use, financial institution, place of amusement, or place of assembly.
On-Site Subdivision Sign
An area meant to provide a natural or garden environment.
The landscaped or natural open space between the right-of-way line of a dedicated street and any perimeter structure(s) within the development except that this space may extend between structures or between a structure and a side property line to a depth of not more than one-half (1/2) the width of the opening.
An area improved through the harmonious combination of natural desert growth with the introduction of trees, shrubs, and groundcover the purpose of which is to enhance the visual and aesthetic quality of any structure or development.
A natural, completely undisturbed, desert area.
Outdoor Light Fixture
An outdoor illuminating device, outdoor lighting or reflective surface, lamp or similar device, permanently installed or portable, used for illumination. Such devices include, but are not limited to:
1. Parking lot lighting.
2. On-site circulation lighting.
3. Building and structural lighting.
4. Landscape lighting.
5. Recreational lighting.
6. Product display area lighting.
7. Building overhangs and open canopies.
8. Security lighting.
Outdoor Type Business
A business, all or most of whose activities are conducted, or items displayed, in an open area.
A zoning district that provides supplemental regulations to be applied in addition to those of the original zone, or provides for density transfers, or for coordinated development of several uses and shall include the Hillside Development Zone, Planned Residential Development District, and Planned Area Development District. Any applicable regulations superimposed by the Floodplain Management Code shall be in addition to the requirements of this zoning code.
The person or persons holding title by deed to land or holding title as vendees under land contract or holding any other title of record.
A dimensional character fabricated to form a pan (i.e., a back and sides). The pan is formed in the shape of a character. The sides are strips of the same material fastened to the back. The open end of the pan is usually capped by a character cut from translucent acrylic, and is known as the face. Lighting may be installed inside the pan to illuminate the face.
An area of land designated and used for recreation purposes.
A park that has a much greater length than width.
An area of land designated and used by the public for active and/or passive recreation.
The aisle on which vehicles are allowed access to the individual parking stalls and are characterized by slow speeds and high turning movements.
A public or private land area designed and used for off-street parking.
A parking area for the private use of the owners or occupants of the lot on which the parking area is located; this does not include parking on sidewalks or streets; this does include “reserved” designations.
A parking area available to the public, with or without compensation, used to accommodate clients, customers, employees, guests, or visitors.
Pedestrian Tenant Directory
An exterior, wall-mounted, or freestanding sign that lists only the names and locations of tenants of a complex or development for the sole purpose of directing pedestrians. The sign shall have a uniform background color and letter style.
A lightweight fabric or other material, whether or not containing a message of any kind, suspended from a rope, wire, or string, designed to attract attention.
Letters, numerals, symbols, and/or insignia that is intended to be displayed for an indefinite or long-lasting period and the lettering or message of which is intended to remain essentially unchanged, except for the maintenance against normal effects of exposure to weather.
An establishment where individual services are provided, including, but not limited to, barber shops, salons, health/day spas including massage, dry cleaners and laundromats (not including industrial cleaners), and teaching studios.
A non-hooved animal generally recognized as a domestic household animal.
Planning and Zoning Commission
A place where young trees and/or other plants are raised for transplanting or for sale.
A map of a subdivision:
1. “Final plat” shall mean a map of all or part of a subdivision providing substantial conformance to an approved preliminary plat prepared by a registered civil engineer or a registered land surveyor in accordance with Section 22.9.D.
Covers made from various materials which enclose or conceal a pole or other structural supports or members to the sign.
Any sign not permanently attached to the ground or other permanent structure, or a sign designed to be transported, including, but not limited to, signs designed to be moved by means of wheels; signs converted into A-frames; menu and sandwich board signs; balloons used as signs; and signs attached to or painted on vehicles parked and visible from the public right-of-way, unless the vehicles are used in normal day-to-day operations of the business.
A large printed display or picture often posted in a public place as a notice or advertisement.
All contiguous land used and occupied by an establishment, whether owned or leased from another. Included are all buildings, storage and service areas, and private roads or driveways which are an integral part of the establishment.
See “Day Care.”
An establishment, which may possess a Series 14 liquor license, primarily organized for some common social purpose, including veterans of foreign wars, American Legion and other similar social organizations.
An on-site sign attached to and extending more than twelve (12) inches from a structure not designed exclusively for the support of the sign and/or a sign which projects from the wall of a building or structure perpendicular to the wall surface.
Public Service Sign
Announcement signs, along with special event type signs, shall be allowed for religious institutions, schools, community centers and any other public or institutional buildings within a commercial or residential district.
An area of ten (10) or more contiguous acres that is used for the raising of livestock on a commercial basis.
Real Estate Sign
To restore an existing structure to a good or sound condition resulting from decay or damage.
A land area that is designated for recreation or contains specific facilities such as community recreational centers, pedestrian ways, swimming pools, picnic facilities, basketball and sport courts, playground equipment and exercise equipment.
An area delineated for formal activities, which may or may not require equipment and take place on a prescribed field. Active recreational areas include, but are not limited to, tennis, volleyball, bocce ball and other court games, baseball, soccer and other field sports, swimming pools, track and improved playground activity areas.
An area delineated for activities that involve relatively inactive or less energetic activities, such as walking, sitting, picnicking, card games, checkers, and similar table games. Passive recreational areas also include natural open space, which contain nature walks and observation areas.
A place designed and equipped for the conduct of sports, exercise, and/or leisure-time activities.
A sign on which is displayed the name and address of the occupant.
A group or groups of buildings containing more than five (5) dwelling units and/or guest rooms and providing outdoor recreational activities, which may include golf, horseback riding, swimming, shuffleboard, tennis, and other similar activities, including associated lighting. A resort may furnish services customarily furnished by a hotel including a restaurant, bar, specialty retail shops, and convention facilities.
An establishment primarily engaged in the serving of food to the public.
A building or structure where food and drink are served for consumption within the building or off the premises by order from vehicular passengers outside the structure including, but not limited to, services from an outdoor service window.
A sale for any purpose in the form of tangible personal property.
An establishment primarily engaged in the sale of goods or products to the end consumer, not including wholesale, manufacturing or other similar types of sales.
A wall designed to withstand lateral and hydrostatic pressures and built to keep earth from sliding.
Reverse Pan Channel
A sign with dimensional character(s) fabricated from opaque material to form a pan, i.e., a front and sides. The pan is formed in the shape of a character. The sides are strips of material fastened to the front. The back remains open. Lighting may be installed inside the pan which creates a halo illumination.
A road that typically provides unimpeded access to the parking aisles from the access drives and performs a collector function. A ring road is not primarily adjacent to the buildings except in service areas.
A bed or wall consisting of stones placed in an irregular fashion.
Rip-rap that is held together with or placed in cementatious material.
Biological communities occurring in association with any spring, cienega, lake, watercourse, river, stream, creek, wash, arroyo, or other body of water, either surface or subsurface, or any channel having banks and beds through which water flows, at least periodically. Riparian habitats may be generally characterized or distinguished into three (3) classes, hydroriparian, mesoriparian, and xeroriparian, by a difference in plant species composition, or an increase in the size and/or density of vegetation, as compared to upland areas, as follows:
1. Hydroriparian Habitats
Riparian habitats generally associated with perennial watercourses, with plant communities dominated by obligate or preferential wetland plant species, such as willow and cottonwood.
2. Mesoriparian Habitats
Riparian habitats generally associated with perennial or intermittent flows, or shallow ground water, with plant communities dominated by species that may also be found in drier habitats, but contain some preferential riparian plant species, such as ash or netleaf hackberry. The mesquite bosque and sycamore/ash association are examples of this community type.
3. Xeroriparian Habitats
Xeroriparian habitats are supported by intermittent or ephemeral stream flows. Typical species associated with this habitat type include mesquite, blue palo verde, desert willow, catclaw acacia, whitehorn acacia, desert hackberry, and ironwood. Actual species composition is typically a function of the extent and frequency of stream flow. Xeroriparian habitats are present along washes throughout the Town of Oro Valley.
For the purposes of this classification system, xeroriparian habitats are further divided into the following subcategories:
a. High Xeroriparian A Habitats
Generally associated with well-developed watercourses. The trees present are generally sixteen (16) feet to twenty (20) feet tall or taller. The vegetative volume per unit area within this habitat type is approximately 0.850 M3/M2 with much of the volume present within the dense overstory.
The diversity of species is relatively greater than that associated with intermediate xeroriparian B and low riparian C habitat types. Mesquite, desert willow, blue palo verde, and desert hackberry are representative tree species within high xeroriparian A habitat areas.
b. Intermediate Xeroriparian B Habitats
Typically occur along well-developed watercourses. The principal distinction between xeroriparian A and xeroriparian B habitats is that of plant size (height, trunk size, and total vegetative volume). Trees in this habitat type generally range from six (6) feet to fifteen (15) feet tall. The under-story is often more extensive than xeroriparian A habitats due to a more open overstory canopy.
Within intermediate xeroriparian B habitats, the vegetative volume per unit area is typically 0.675 M3/M2. Mesquite, ironwood, blue palo verde, catclaw acacia, desert broom, and desert hackberry are representative of this habitat type.
c. Low Xeroriparian C Habitats
Typically occur along minor watercourses and along the peripheral edges of major watercourses. The typical vegetative volume per unit area in this habitat type is between 0.500 and 0.675 M3/M2. Whitethorn acacia, catclaw acacia, desert creosote bush, bunchgrasses, and bursage are typically found within low xeroriparian C habitats.
d. Regional Drainageway
Not a single habitat type, but rather an aggregation of the habitat types described above distributed continuously along a regional drainageway. The regional drainageway is significant in that it typically extends for lengths of several miles and may extend from the urbanized portions of the Town into large tracts of undeveloped public lands. Within the current boundaries of Oro Valley, this habitat feature occurs along the Canada del Oro Wash and Big Wash.
The regional drainageway typically consists of patches of xeroriparian A, B, and C.
The high habitat value associated with regional drainageways stems from their length (which can be uninterrupted for lengths of several miles), their width (which provides habitat areas that are relatively isolated from adjacent urban developments), and their configuration (which provides connections between various tributary channels and, in some instances, connections to tracts of preserved natural open space).
Road Construction Sign
The top edge of the roof or the top of the parapet, whichever forms the top line of the building silhouette.
A place of general instruction.
An opaque barrier designed and installed to conceal areas used for storage, refuse, mechanical equipment, parking or delivery service loading bays from street and public view, or to buffer adjacent uses.
Seasonal or Event Banner
Seasonal signs may include decorations, holiday lights, garlands, or similar treatment oriented toward a holiday event. Seasonal signs and decorations shall be temporarily displayed for traditionally accepted civic, patriotic, or religious holidays.
An establishment providing temporary storage facilities to one (1) or more individuals as a primary use.
Service Station/Fuel Sign
Shared ingress/egress points for vehicular circulation purposes.
A group of stores planned and designed for the site on which it is built, functioning as a unit, with common points of ingress and egress.
A time period no more than seven (7) days.
Short-Term Rental Property
Every message, announcement, declaration, display, illustration, insignia, character, surface, or space erected, maintained or attached to any structure, surface, or thing and made visible for the purpose of attracting attention or to making something known to the public.
Sign Area Allotment
Significant Vegetation (SV)
Specific plant communities, and/or unique plant occurrences, and/or unique individual specimens that demonstrate, through the presence of certain criteria areas, special value to the Sonoran desert ecosystem:
1. Plant community is an area of vegetation dominated by one (1) or more species. Climate, elevation, soil types and other factors ultimately determine the limits and boundaries of particular plant communities. Examples of a plant community dominated by one (1) species are desert grassland and creosote bush association, or a grove of trees, for example mesquite bosque. These communities can form almost pure stands of single species. Examples of co-dominant plant communities are cottonwood-willow and palo verde-saguaro association. Plant communities create an environment that is beneficial, unique, and/or valuable to the desert ecosystem.
2. Unique plant occurrences are areas of vegetation that exist in contrast to the majority of the surrounding vegetative community due to either microclimates or availability of water sources. Examples are stands of ironwood trees or riparian areas.
3. Unique plant refers to any native tree, shrub, or cacti with extraordinary characteristics such as, but not limited to, age, size, shape, form, canopy cover, or aesthetic value. An example may be crested saguaros, a rare, massive ancient tree, or tree with unusual shape.
A dwelling that is not constructed on the site on which it is located. Site-delivered homes include prefabricated housing, manufactured housing, and mobile homes. Site-delivered homes do not include recreation vehicles.
A plan drawing of an individual site (see definition, “Site”) including the layout of buildings, circulation system, parking, walls, landscaping, open space, and any other appropriate information as required by the Town of Oro Valley to provide adequate public review.
Site Resource Inventory
A primary evaluative design tool upon which site design and salvage plans are based. The information contained in the site resource inventory shall be utilized for purposes of site planning and design, and shall describe and identify natural characteristics of the site, including areas of significant vegetation. Preservation of protected natural area and significant vegetation shall be a primary consideration.
Degree of deviation of a surface from the horizontal; measured as a numerical ratio, percent, or in degrees. Expressed as a ratio, the first number is the horizontal distance (run) and the second is the vertical distance (rise), as 2:1. A 2:1 slope is a fifty percent (50%) slope. Expressed in degrees, the slope is the angle from the horizontal plane, with a ninety (90) degree slope being vertical (maximum) and forty-five (45) degrees being a 1:1 or one hundred percent (100%) slope.
Slope, Exposed, Height of
Slope Interceptor Drain
A drainage swale designed to collect and divert the flow of water.
Naturally occurring deposits overlying bedrock.
Soils Engineer of Record
A person whose discipline is soils engineering, who has prepared and sealed a geotechnical report for a specific property.
A condition where no noise, to a reasonable person, would be discernible at the nearest property line.
A temporary use of a property for a special event, which may or may not be in compliance with the standards of the zoning district in which it is to be located. Said uses, which may be public or private, may include, but are not limited to, civic, philanthropic, educational, religious, sporting, and/or social events, fundraisers, or holiday sales, or any other special temporary use, as may be deemed analogous to these examples by the Planning and Zoning Administrator.
A surface prepared for the purpose of playing sporting activities including tennis, basketball, volleyball, croquet, shuffleboard, bocce, pickle ball and/or other similar activities.
An area used for the storage and keeping of horses, mules or ponies.
An area of ten (10) or more contiguous acres containing a stable for horses, mules, or ponies that are hired, bred, shown, or boarded on a commercial basis. Commercial stables must meet the conditions of Section 25.1.B.4.
The storage of uncompacted earth material.
That portion of a building included between the upper surface of any floor and the upper surface of the floor next above, except that the topmost story shall be that portion of a building included between the upper surface of the topmost floor and the ceiling or roof above.
A street, avenue, boulevard, road, lane, parkway, place, alley easement for access, viaduct or bridge and approaches thereto. A street includes the land between the right-of-way lines whether improved or unimproved and may comprise pavements, shoulders, curbs, gutters, sidewalks, parking areas and lawns.
1. Arterial Route (Principal Arterial)
Those Interstate, State, or County highways, freeways, expressways, and major thoroughfares having regional continuity.
2. Collector Street
3. Local Street
4. Frontage Street
A short local street permanently terminated in a vehicular turnaround.
A piece of work constructed or erected, the use of which requires a location on the ground or attached to something having a location on the ground, but not including a tent, vehicle, trailer coach, or mobile homes.
A piece of work that is readily movable and used or intended to be used for a period not to exceed ninety (90) consecutive days. Such structure shall be subject to all applicable property development standards for the district in which it is located.
Studio, Commercial or Fine Arts
A studio used for professional work or the teaching of any form of commercial or fine arts.
An individual, firm, corporation, partnership, association, syndication, trust or other legal entity that files the application and initiates proceedings for the subdivision of land in accordance with the provisions of this code; and the subdivider need not be the owner of the property.
Improved or unimproved land or lands divided for the purpose of financing sale or lease, whether immediate or future, into four (4) or more lots, tracts or parcels of land or, if a new street is involved, any such property which is divided into two (2) or more lots, tracts or parcels of land or any such property, the boundaries of which have been fixed by recorded plat which is divided into more than two (2) parts.
“Subdivision” shall also include any condominium, cooperative, community apartment, townhouse or similar project containing four (4) or more parcels in which an undivided interest in the land is coupled with the right of exclusive occupancy of any unit located thereon, but plats of such projects need not show the buildings or the manner in which the buildings or air space above the property shown on the plat are to be divided.
“Subdivision” shall not include the following:
2. The partitioning of land in accordance with other statutes regulating the partitioning of land held in common ownership.
An activity with the purpose of locating, identifying, and evaluating cultural or archaeological sites without causing any disturbance of the ground.
A contained body of water used for swimming or bathing purposes either above ground level or below ground level with the depth of the container being more than eighteen (18) inches in depth or the area being more than thirty-eight (38) square feet.
A municipal, county, or commercial pool, admission to which may be gained by the general public with or without payment of a fee.
A membership pool or cooperative pool or a pool at an establishment such as a resort, motel, apartment building or other places where the primary business of the establishment is not the operation of swimming facilities and where admission to use the pool is included in consideration given for the primary use of the premises.
A letter, figure, or other conventional mark designating an object, quantity, operation, function, or the like.
An accessory wall sign containing a grouping of letters or characters built into a single pan channel or reverse pan channel platform that contains modifiers or is used to convey information relating to the business such as goods, services, products or business associates.
Technical and Professional Standards and Guidelines
All aspects of the archaeological mitigation and data recovery efforts shall be conducted by a professional archaeologist using accepted professional standards and practices consistent with guidelines included in the Advisory Town Council on Historic Preservation 1980 Handbook; Guidelines for Recovery of Scientific, Prehistoric, Historic, and Archaeological Data: Methods, Standards, and Reporting Requirements (36 CFR 66, dated January 28, 1977); the Standards of Research Performance of the Society of Professional Archaeologists; and the Secretary of the Interior’s Standards and Guidelines for Archaeological Documentation (Federal Register, dated September 29, 1983).
A light, temporary barrier, as approved by the Town, that clearly and conspicuously delineates areas designated to remain undisturbed or that are to be protected during construction.
Lighting used for a limited duration; for example, holiday decorations, civic events, or construction projects.
Any display in public view to advertise or convey information or direction which is intended to be displayed for a limited or finite period of time only. The type, quality, and materials of construction of which, although visually attractive and structurally sound, are not intended to be long lasting.
The limited subsurface excavation or remote sensing of a proposed disturbance (or portion thereof) to determine the potential, type, or extent of the archaeological site. Testing may include trenching and establishing archaeological excavation units and will include the screening of excavated material for artifact recovery.
An establishment where primarily movies, shows or performances are shown or conducted, including movie theaters, playhouses and other performing arts centers.
Three (3) Day Special Event Banner
A banner may be permitted on the day(s) of a special event, but shall not be used to advertise any event that exceeds three (3) days in duration.
Time and Temperature Sign
An electronically controlled sign that provides the current time and/or temperature.
A plan or program in which the use, occupancy, or possession of one (1) or more time-share units circulates among various persons for less than a sixty (60)-day period in any year, for any occupant. The timeshare plan includes both timeshare ownership plans and timeshare use plans, as follows:
1. Ownership Plan
Any arrangement whether by tenancy in common, sale, deed, or other means whereby the purchaser receives any ownership interest and the right to use the property for a specific or discernible period by temporal division; and
2. Use Plan
Any arrangement, excluding normal hotel operations, whether by membership agreement, lease rental agreement, license, use agreement, security or other means, whereby the purchaser receives a right to use accommodations or facilities, or both, in a timeshare unit for a specific or discernible period by temporal division, but does not receive an ownership interest.
The accommodations and related facilities which are the subject of a timeshare plan.
A facility used for wireless communication facility mounts and consists of more than a single shaft of steel or concrete.
The Town of Oro Valley.
A plan that provides for the development of a system of streets and highways including the location and alignment of existing and proposed thoroughfares, bicycle paths, frontage roads, and limited access to Oracle Road.
A wall-mounted or hanging sign which identifies the business name and/or logo. Under-canopy signs shall be consistent in color, shape, design, and materials, if the development has an approved Sign Criteria or Master Sign Program. An under-canopy sign shall be located entirely under a covered porch, walkway, extended roof or similar structure and is solely for directing pedestrian traffic.
A premises or structure which is not occupied or being put to those uses as authorized by the last business privilege license issued by the Town for that address and business or a premises or structure where the public utilities are not in service.
Unshielded Light Fixture
A luminary without all of the shielding necessary to be defined as a full cutoff light fixture.
Usable Lot Area
That portion of a lot usable for or adaptable to the normal uses made of residential property excluding any areas which may be covered by water, excessively steep or included in certain types of easements.
The purpose for which land or a building is occupied or maintained, arranged, designed or intended.
A permit granted to a property owner by the Town Council to conduct a use allowed as a use in a zoning district subject to a use permit. A use permit may be granted in accordance with the provisions of Section 22.5.
Installations or facilities, underground or overhead, furnishing for the use of the public electricity, gas, steam, cable TV communication, water, drainage, sewage disposal or flood control owned and operated by any person, firm, corporation, municipal department or board duly authorized by State or municipal regulations. Utility or utilities may also refer to such persons, firms, corporations, departments, or boards as sense requires.
Utility Poles and Wires
Poles, towers, structures, wire, cable, conduit, transformers and related facilities used in or as a part of the transportation or distribution of electric power or in the transmission of telephone, telegraph, or television communication.
A use that creates a hazard to air navigation by reducing visibility.
The degree of sound intensity or audibility.
A structure or device required or allowed by this code forming a physical barrier, constructed such that fifty percent (50%) or more of the vertical surface is closed and prevents the passage of light, air, and vision through said surface in a horizontal plane. Where a masonry wall is specified, said wall shall be concrete block, brick, stone or other similar material and one hundred percent (100%) of the vertical surface shall be closed except for approved gates or other access ways.
A wall constructed of concrete block, brick, stone or other similar material, forming a physical barrier, constructed such that one hundred percent (100%) of the vertical surface is closed and prevents the passage of light, air, and vision through said surface in a horizontal plane, except for approved gates or other access ways.
A wall forming a physical barrier, constructed such that one hundred percent (100%) of the vertical surface is closed and prevents the passage of light, air, and vision through said surface in a horizontal plane, except for approved gates or other access ways.
Any sign which is fastened, attached, connected, or supported in whole or in part by a building or structure other than a sign structure which is supported wholly by the ground with the exposed face of the sign in a plane parallel to the plane of the wall.
The sale of tangible personal property for resale by a licensed retailer and not the sale of tangible personal property for consumption by the purchaser.
Any form of advertisement and/or identification associated with the business that is affixed to the interior or exterior of a window, or placed immediately behind a window so as to inform or attract attention to the public outside of the building and/or tenant space.
Wireless Communications Facility
A facility for the transmission and/or reception of radio frequency signals. Any device, including DBS satellite dishes, used to receive signals from direct broadcast satellites (DBS); multi-channel multi-point distribution providers (MMDS); and television broadcast stations (TVBS).